India is a country steeped in
history, and the remarkable fact is that in spite of numerous foreign invasions
both by rulers and cultures, she still retains a unique flavour of her own.
There is a great architectural heritage in India and Agra, or Agraban, as it was
called in the Mahabarat times, a charmed city can boast of the most splendid
monuments in the world, including three world heritage monuments.
Agra is a part of Brijbhoomi
the land associated with the birth and legendry activities of lord Krishna. In
Agra City there are five Shiva temples which are the symbols of ancient culture.
Agra was the capital city of
Sikander Lodhi, the second ruler of the Lodhi dynasty, who defeated by the
persian King Babur in 1526 A.D. Babur too made Agra his capital city and so
began the great Mughal rule. it was Babur who build the first monument in Agra,
a planned garden garden called Gul-e-Afgaan or the Aaram Baugh.
After Babar in (1530 AD) HUMAUN
took over the thrown of Agra. Sher Shah Soori also continued Agra as his
During the rule of Akbar (1556
to 1605 A.D.) Agra earned fame all over the world and was counted one of the
great and beautiful cities of Medinal India. Emperor Akbar constructed many
beautiful buildings. In the premises of famous Fatehpur Sikri and Agra Fort.
During his rule people of all caste and religion living friendly upon which
Akbar declared the concept of "Sulah Kul" in making the personality of Akbar the
great his "NAVARATANS" Raja Man Singh, Raja Toder Mal Hakeem Lukman, Raja Birbal,
Mullah-Do-Pyaza, Abdul-Fazal-Feuzi, Abdul Rahim Khana Khan and Miyan Tan Sen
Played an important role.
For developing feeling of
harmony and brotherhood among the people of various religions, Akbar started new
religion named Deen-E-Elahi.
Sikandra and Etmad-Ud-Dowla are
the famous buildings of Jahangiri period.
World famous Taj Mahal was
constructed by Shahjahan in the sweet memory of his beloved queen Mumtaj Mahal.
Agra earned the world fame due to Taj Mahal. Shah Jahan's period was remembered
as a golden period for construction of good buildings and for their
During the British period Agra
was made a District in 1805 A.D. and a Collector was posted Agra presidency was
founded in 1833 A.D. During Agra persidency in 1835 A.D. Weatern - North border
Province which is known as United province was formed of which Agra remained
Capital upto 1857 A.D. After 1857 A.D. mutiny the capital of United Province was
shiffted from Agra to Allahabad. After this Agra remained only Commissionary
which still continuing.